In teenagers the use of e-cigarettes increases the risk of beginning to smoke typical cigarettes, specifies a statement of principles published today in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, a journal of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC).
“Vaping is marketed towards teenagers and the tobacco industry uses celebrities to promote it as being healthier than smoking,” said senior author Professor Maja-Lisa Løchen of UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø.
“Legislation on the marketing and sales of e-cigarettes varies enormously between countries,” said Professor Løchen. “Action is urgently needed to halt the growing use in young people. The World Health Organization (WHO) states that e-cigarettes are harmful to health.”
Researches have reported that e-cigarette use in youngsters has increased from 5% in 2013 to virtually 25% in 2018. Up to 5% of adults make use of e-cigarettes, with large variant in between countries.
The statement of principles of the European Organization of Preventive Cardiology (EAPC), a branch of the ESC, concentrates on the cardio impacts of e-cigarettes– consisting of devices that appear like cigarettes and refillable vaporizers that do not look like cigarettes.
It gets in touch with regulatory authorities to safeguard young people by restricting sales and also marketing as well as banning sweet tastes which teens believe are much less unsafe.
Research has revealed that e-cigarettes raise high blood pressure and also heart rate, change the artery wall surfaces to make sure that they become stiffer and much less flexible, and prevent the feature of capillary by harming their cellular lining. Each of these four results are danger factors for embolism and fatty accumulation inside artery walls which can create cardiovascular disease. A study in 2015 found a link between e-cigarettes as well as cardiac arrest.
In addition to the heart results, proof is accumulating that vaping has unfavorable results on the lungs as well as is damaging to the establishing fetus during pregnancy. Initial research study shows that e-cigarettes could trigger cancer.
It’s not clear if e-cigarettes can help people stop smoking, since studies have produced varies results. “When these studies are pooled together it does not show that e-cigarettes are more effective than conventional, well-tested stop smoking methods,” said Professor Løchen. “In addition, people who use e-cigarettes for smoking cessation often end up being double consumers of both traditional tobacco cigarettes and e-cigarettes.”
“E-cigarettes should only be used for smoking cessation if nothing else has worked and the individual is carefully monitored for adverse effects,” she added.
Professor Løchen concluded: “E-cigarettes are a relatively new product and the long-term health effects are unknown. Now is the time for politicians and regulators to act — with public health campaigns to increase awareness and legislation to halt uptake in young people.”
Heart doctors and researchers recommend:
- Regulate advertising of e-cigarettes the same as tobacco to protect young people.
- Age verification procedures to prevent adolescents from accessing e-cigarette websites.
- Schools to educate children about the negative effects of e-cigarettes.
- Public campaigns to raise awareness of adverse effects and prevent initiation of vaping.
- Consider for smoking cessation only if conventional methods have failed and individuals are monitored for adverse effects.
- Avoid e-cigarettes during pregnancy.